History of ElectroGravity Research

By: Nils Rognerud, San Francisco, USA

The “avatars” in the area of electro-gravity research for the last 200 years can be seen below.  Please take note of the references to different types of induced electric fields with unique properties.  This is contrary to traditional Physics that believes there is only one type of electric field.

  • 1861: James Clerk Maxwell discovered the mathematical laws of electromagnetism, building on the work of Faraday.
    Maxwell drew attention to Faraday’s Law that describes two different phenomena (motional and transformer EMF).  He mentions this fact in his paper On Physical Lines of Force in the latter half of Part II of that paper.  Maxwell also gives a separate physical explanation for each of the two physical phenomena.  Here is the actual full digital copy (not just a small section) of Maxwell’s old paper from 1855.
  • 1895:  Professor and Noble Price winner Hendrik A. Lorentz, from the Netherlands.
    Sir J. J. Thomson, James Clerk Maxwell, Oliver Heaviside, and Hendrik Lorentz all worked on the electromagnetic force equations around the same time.  However, Hendrik Lorentz derived the modern form of the electromagnetic force equation (Lorentz Force), which includes both the electric and magnetic forces (Laplace force).Lorentz Force
  • 1905: Albert Einstein – Special Theory of Relativity 1905: On the Electrodynamics of Moving Bodies (pdf).
    In the first paragraph of Albert’s paper, he reflects that the current Maxwell electrodynamic theories of magnet vs conductor leads to asymmetries in understanding.  He says there should be no such difference in the physical phenomena; it is simply a matter of relative motion and frame of reference.
    In other words, what appears as an electric field will appear as a magnetic field in another frame of reference for the same experiment.
    Magnetism is nothing more than electrostatics combined with special relativity.  Here is a simple video from Veritasium explaining the topic:
    Play Button Play Button
  • 1929 Dr. Thomas T. Brown claims to have found gravitational control through charging asymmetrical capacitors. In the 1950s Dr. Brown got the attention of aerospace companies and the military.

    T. Townsend Brown


    Some of his research during that time may have been classified so we may not have all the latest public research findings.  Dr. Brown passed away in 1985.

    How I Control Gravitation,” in Science and Invention T. Brown claimed the capacitors were producing a mysterious force that interacted with the pull of gravity.

    UK Patents
    #300,311      Nov. 15, 1928 / A Method of and an Apparatus or Machine for Producing Force or Motion
    U.S. Patents Awarded to Townsend Brown:
    #1,974,483 Sept. 25, 1934 / Electrostatic Motor
    #2,949,550 Aug. 16, 1960 / Electrokinetic Apparatus
    #3,022,430 Feb. 20, 1962 / Electrokinetic Generator
    #3,187,206   June 1, 1965 / Electrokinetic Apparatus
    #3,296,491   Jan. 3, 1967 / Method and Apparatus for Producing Ions and Electrically-Charged Aerosols
    #3,518,462 June 30, 1970 / Fluid Flow Control System

    List of Foreign Patents from Dr. Brown

    There is some controversy around the cause of the force around T. Brown capacitors.  Some argue that the lift is just due to ion-wind and that the capacitor “force” will disappear in a true air vacuum chamber.

    Research by N. Rognerud seems to indicate through his own experiments that there is a strong kinetic force on objects in a divergent electrical field.  These experiments can be seen in the video below.  Further experiments are in the works to test if a divergent electric field will produce self-lift on the entire system of capacitor plus dielectric materials.

    Play Button Play Button

    Dr. Takaaki Musha did some experiments on the T. Brown Effect by removing the ion-wind side-effect.  He concludes in his paper “EXPLANATION OF DYNAMICAL BIEFELD-BROWN EFFECT FROM THE STANDPOINT OF ZPF FIELD” with:
    . . . “The theoretical analysis result suggests that the impulsive electric field applied to the dielectric material may produce a sufficient artificial gravity to attain velocities comparable to chemical rockets.”

  • 1964: Noble Laureate, Dr. Feynman:  Lectures on Physics, Vol. II, 1964  where Feynman talks about the two different electric fields of induction (motional and transformer EMF): “We know of no other place in physics where such a simple and accurate general principle requires for its real understanding an analysis in terms of two different phenomena. Usually, such a beautiful generalization is found to stem from a single deep underlying principle. …  We have to understand the “rule” as the combined effects of two quite separate phenomena.

    I find it is easier to call the motional EMF simply a ‘dielectric field’.

  • 1969: Dr. William J. Hooper:
    New Horizons In Electric Magnetic & Gravitational Field Theory (original scanned copy)
    New Horizons In Electric Magnetic & Gravitational Field Theory (modern typeset transcription)
    Similarities of the Motional Electric & Gravitational Forces
    Motional Electric Field by assistant Francis Gibson.

    Hooper was also a believer that there are two types of induced electrical fields, just like Maxwell and Feynman. Hooper says there is an electrostatic electric field as well as the motional and transformer type electric field. He also says the motional electric field (the dielectric field) has unique properties and that it is not shieldable.

    U.S. Patents Awarded to William Hooper
    #3,610,971. William Hooper, April 1969 / “All-electric motional electric field generator
    #3,656,013. William Hooper, April 1972 / “Apparatus for Generating Motional Electric Field

  • 1987: Floyd “Sparky” Sweet was an electronics engineer in Southern California that created an over-unity Barium-Ferrite magnetic solid-state energy generator. Not only did he receive threats to his life, but he claims his device lost 90% of its weight when running a large load on his device.  He worked with John Bedini, Tom Beardon, and Walter Rosenthal, but he was paranoid about not sharing the details of how his device worked. Tom Beardon did not appear to understand how the device worked – and he was unable to replicate it.  However, Beardon made plenty of theories around the device and even renamed the device VTA (Vacuum Triode Amplifier).  The Floyd Sweet Device has nothing to do with vacuum triodes or amplifiers.

    Floyd Sweet claimed his magnets were processed through a ‘secret method’ and the invention never made it to the public domain, for a number of reasons.

    It is interesting that Floyd Sweet wrote a great paper about the motional electric field.  He also says the field is non-shieldable, similar to that of Gravity.

    Nothing is Something” (original scanned copy with handwritten corrections and all)

    In this paper, F. Sweet talks about the BxV field (dielectric field) – which is actually the Laplace force from the Lorentz Equations.  This paper is largely ignored by the Floyd Sweet fans that are trying to replicate his device.  Perhaps they do not understand the BxV physics phenomena or the mathematics from the BxV field from the Lorentz Equations.

    However, this paper has the most interesting information written by Floyd Sweet about his device.  It also aligns well with Rognerud’s work on the BxV field effect as a possible explanation for Gravity, in addition as a possible way to harness energy from atomic motional electric fields’ from the Barium Ferrite domains.

    Here is a short intro video on the Floyd Sweet Device:

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    Here is a longer video of the Floyd Sweet Device:

    “Don Watson – Mike Watson – On the successful Replications of Floyd Sweet’s VTA“:

  • 1991: Nils Rognerud (self-published): “Free Fall of Elementary Particles – on moving bodies and their
    Mr. Nils Rognerud

    Mr. Nils Rognerud


    electromagnetic forces. This paper is a review of the problem of the observable action of gravitational forces on charged particles.  The paper also proposes how to understand Gravity as a divergent electromagnetic Lorentz Force (or Laplace force) from orbital electrons in all matter.

    The paper is available in the following file formats:

    You should also watch this video with demonstrations on how Gravity can be understood as an electromagnetic side-effect – which I sometimes call the Dielectric Field effect:

    Play Button Play Button

  • 1992: Eugene Podkletnov – the first paper appeared in Physica C  “A possibility of gravitational force shielding by bulk YBa_2_Cu_3_O_7-x_ superconductor.”
  • 1995: NASA experimental tests of the Hooper Coil.  The results were negative i.e. no gravity effects could be measured. This is actually as expected since the coil design in the NASA experiment and test object location used are incorrect.  To see electrogravity effects one must use1) a coil design that generates ‘divergent’ Laplace Force fields, and 2) place the test object in the most divergent part of the force field. In addition, the drift velocity of copper wires is so low that it is almost impossible to produce any measurable gravity effects – even with strong electric currents and many turns of wire.  A better way to produce stronger Laplace forces – according to Mr. Rognerud, is with motional plasma or moving cross-cutting magnetic fields.
  • 1999: Dr. Ning Li did some interesting theoretical and experimental work on interactions of superconductivity and gravity.  Regrettably, she has not published any research since 1999.  There is some speculation that she is working on secret programs for the Department of Defense. Ling Li was working at the University of Alabama on a project with the Department of Defense until 2002. It appears she then started working with Boeing Co. through her company AC Gravity Inc.  Nobody seems to know where she is working nowadays.
Dr. Eugene Podkletnov

Dr. Eugene Podkletnov

  • 2006: Podkletnov – Dr. Eugene Podkletnov has published a series of scientific papers detailing the experimental results of what he called an “impulse gravity generator“.


    The device reportedly produced hundreds of pounds of gravitational force in a non-diverging beam, capable of “punching holes through concrete and warping metal like hitting it with a  sledgehammer”. Podkletnov further added that this beam produced no recoil on the superconducting emitter itself.

    Download the interview and drawings (PDF format) with Dr. Eugene Podkletnov of this exciting breakthrough.  If confirmed, it is an amazing piece of research.

  • 2000-2004 – The Russian Searl Device” by V. V. Roschin & S. M. Godin has reported some amazing results.  Read these reports: Experimental Research on the Magnetic-Gravity Effects
    Experimental Research of the Magnetic-Gravity Effects with patents


    Tom Valone claims the Roschin & Godin device was funded by the Dept. of Energy and cost several million dollars to build.

  • 2016: BBC did a great documentary on gravity and astrophysics research.  They talk about some of the movers and shakers in the Physics and electronics world. A guy working at BAE Systems (a big aerospace company in Europe) started the risky “Project Greenglow” to experiment with Gravity control.  The video is a must-watch.

© Copyright 2011 Nils Rognerud – All Rights Reserved

3 comments to History of ElectroGravity Research

  • in my website I give the experimental prove that gravity is an electro-magnetic force. You can see this in the described isotachophoresis experiments of part 1 and part 3 of the website. In part 2 of the website a give an other experiment where I confirm the electromagnetic nature of gravity. The origin of the electromagnetic force is in the nucleus of the atom and is a magnetic field created by induction when aproton is transformed into a neutron and vice versa by the exchange of a pion. This creates by induction a magnetic field in the nucleus of the atom. This is a new property for atoms which can explain gravity

  • ron groskey

    hello, I have an idea of how gravity works. My idea uses only known, proven and accepted facts of physics. This idea also shows how gravity can be redirected. The concept of anti-gravity is not possible but changing the direction of gravity is a matter that can be dealt with. The problem I’m having is getting passed the Einstein worshipers who won’t hear any idea that rocks the general relativity boat and that boat has a great number of holes already. I believe if this information about how gravity works is taken seriously it will be shone to be as good or better than any idea thus far. I’m not asking for acceptance only a fair exponible reason for rejection. If you believe you can help, please reply. Thank You, Ron

  • Agatha Lorentz


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